BACKGROUND & STRUCTURE
Thinking of the book of Romans and working the book of Romans, I see it as a great
building, and as a building, needs a true, solid, and good foundation. So I see the great
hallmark of the book of Romans (which is the first great Church epistle) as the foundation
of the “all truth” referred to in John 16. Thinking of it as a foundation for the “all truth,”
Hebrews 1:10 has a very interesting way of talking about it:
“And, Thou Lord in the beginning [before the overthrow]
hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the
work of thine hands.”
That certainly has to be a true, solid, and good foundation. In the book of Proverbs 8:29:
“When he [God] gave to the sea his decree, that the waters
should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the
foundations of the earth.”
In I Corinthians 3:9-11:
“For ye are labourers together with God: ye are God’s
husbandry, ye are God’s building.
According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a
wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another
buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth
For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which
is Jesus Christ.”
Jesus Christ is the only solid foundation! No other foundation can anyone lay. In
Ephesians 2:19 and 20:
“Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but
fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and
prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;”
If you’re built upon the foundation of the apostles and the prophets, you will have to be
built upon Christ Jesus who is the chief cornerstone. In II Timothy 2:18 and 19:
“Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the
resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this
seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one
that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.”
The foundation of God standeth sure! We saw it in Hebrews and Proverbs. The
foundation that God originally laid for the earth, the foundation that He laid in Christ
Jesus; these things all stand true, solid, and sure. One more from Proverbs 10:25:
“As the whirlwind passeth, so is the wicked no more: but the
righteous is an everlasting foundation.”
The great Church epistle of Romans is the foundation for the “all truth.” Those who
criticize the accuracy or the greatness of the book of Romans and its godly position in the
word are like the wicked, the whirlwind passes over and it is no more. But the righteous,
the believers, the sons of God who really desire to walk on God’s Word, they know it as an
everlasting foundation – and that is exactly what the book of Romans is for those of us
who love the Lord Jesus Christ and his appearing. It is the foundation of the all truth that
John 16:13 speaks about.
In order to illustrate some of the things from the book of Romans, I’ve drawn a circle to
clarify certain things in the book of Romans.
In the book of Romans, you have this following division here on the outside. Starting
with 1:1, it carries over in the division to 5:11. That is the outer part (upper half) of that
The inner part of the circle (upper half) begins with 5:12 and goes to 8:39. That is the
This outer part (lower half) begins with 9:1 and closes with 16:24. The inner part (lower
half) is 16:25-27. That is how the book of Romans is broken up. It has an outer part, and
within that outer part, you have 5:12 to 8:39. Then in 9:1, it begins again with a new
division of an outer part of the circle, closing with 16:24, and the inner part are those three
(3) verses from 16:25-27.
Now this outer part (upper half) deals with SINS. The inner part deals with SIN. This
outer part (as far as individuals are concerned) deals with Abraham, and the inner part
deals with Adam. It deals with Adam because it deals with SIN. The outer part deals with
Abraham, and it will deal with SINS.
This word “sin” is used forty-one (41) times in the inner circle, and it is only used six
(6) times in the outer circle — and it is not used at all in the bottom half of the circle. You
may want to make the following notations for yourself:
The word “wrath” is used 12 times in the outer section,
“ “ “to justify” “ 11 times in the outer; 4 times in the inner
“ “ “justification” 1 time in the outer; 0 times in the inner
“ “ “judicial sentence” 2 times in the outer; 3 times in the inner
“ “ “righteousness” 28 times in the outer; 8 times in the inner
“ “ “righteous” used 5 times in the outer; 2 times in the inner.
Justification and righteousness are the theme of the outer section.
Additionally, the words “pistis” or “pisteuō” are used 57 times in the outer section and
only once in the inner section, [“pistis” – 38 times; and “pisteuō” – 20 times] The word
“pneuma” is used 34 times in the book of Romans – 12 times in the outer section, and 22
times in the inner section, with 21 of the 22 occurring in chapter eight.
These are just a few of the great words that are used in Romans. As you develop and
work the book of Romans, you begin to see why these things become so important.
You never find the gospel of God explained in the book of Acts but you only see it in
practice in the book of Acts. It is in the 7 Church epistles that we have the complete
curriculum of everything for us to come to a full and complete understanding of our state,
as well as our standing with God, and in the eyes of God. This is true because of the
integrity and the accuracy of His word, which makes known God’s will.
I believe that the book of Romans is the foundational revelation of the mystery, and it
clearly indicates and shows what the believer is in Christ, and what Christ is in the
believer. There are only two (2) basic divisions to the whole book of Romans – Chapters 1
through 8 and the second division in Chapters 9 through 16. The first 8 chapters are
doctrinal in this epistle and these first 8 chapters present the knowledge of “SIN” as the
root, and of “SINS” as the product or fruit of SIN in a believer’s life. With Chapter 9
begins the detailed and rather comprehensive explanation of the gospel of God as it relates
itself to the knowledge of God, and God’s purposes in His son, Christ Jesus.
From a doctrinal, teaching point of view, the book of Ephesians begins after the eighth
chapter of Romans because the book of Ephesians deals with our being seated with him in
the heavenlies. So the 3 great revelation teaching epistles are Romans (1 through 8), which
shows our being dead and risen with Christ; Ephesians, which shows our being seated with
Him in the heavenlies; and Thessalonians, which shows our being with the Lord in glory
forevermore. Without the right believing foundation of Romans, you could never
understand the mystery, and the rest of the revelation in Ephesians and Thessalonians.
The book of Romans divides itself basically like this:
1:8 - 10 His Prayer for Them
1:10 - 13 The Journey (his desire to visit)
1:14,15 Paul’s Ministry of God’s gospel
At the close of the book of Romans, this order is just reversed and it puts it like a vise.
1:1-6 Introduction 16:25,26 The Mystery revealed
1:7 Salutation 16:1-24
1:8-10 His Prayer for Them 15:30-33 Their prayer for him
1:10-13 The Journey (his desire to visit)
1:14,15 Paul’s Ministry of God’s gospel 15:14-21
Romans 1:16 through 5:11 deals basically with SINS. Sins are the product, sins are the
fruit of the old nature, the old man. While in 5:12 to 8:39, he deals with SIN singularly
because he deals with the basic root of SIN, which is the old nature, the old nature itself.
SINS are the fruit of SIN. SIN is the root, it is that old dead in trespasses kind of man -
that’s SIN, which issues and manifests itself in SINS. That is why in 5:12 through 8:39, he
deals with the basic root of all SINS, which is SIN.
Verses 16 and 17 in chapter 1 are where you see the power of God and the
righteousness of God declared. Without the gospel of God, we would never have known
the righteousness of God. You know the righteousness of God because of the gospel of