October 5, 1978
Tonight I want to handle the words “Jesus Christ” in the first verse. The word “Jesus” is in
the Old Testament the word “Joshua.” The Book of Joshua is Old Testament. The Hebrew
word is Jehoshua. The Aramaic word is Yeshua. (The “e” is like an “a.”) In the Septuagint
(LXX means Septuagint in so-called Christian literature) and in the New Testament Greek
it is the word Jesous. The Hebrew and Aramaic is a compound word. Johoshua is a
compound word made up of Yah, which is a word used for God, but specifically Jehovah.
The Je on Jehoshua represents and equals the name Jehovah. The other part of the word is
Hoshea. The word Hoshea means saved or salvation. It is Biblically accurate. Only
Jehovah saves, not Elohim saves.
Jesus - Jehoshua, meaning Jehovah saves. That’s the meaning of the word “Jesus.” If the
word Elohim was used here, we’d have some Biblical difficulties. Elohim is used of God
as the Creator. Jehovah is used of God in relationship to that which He has created. If you
just remember those two statements, it will be sort of interesting to you and enlightening as
you continue working the Word. Whenever it’s God in His creative abilities, it will always
be Elohim. But whenever it talks about God dealing with His people on a horizontal level,
it’s Jehovah. Jehovah means God saves. Jesus Christ, in Matthew we read, “he shall save
his people.” God dealing with His people, dealing with that which He has created as
I absolutely sit in utter amazement at the greatness of the integrity and accuracy of the
Prophetic regarding the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. The reason I bring this up is I
want to teach you as best I understand and know the usage of the word Jesus and the great
facts and truths regarding it. I’ve shown you that it is Jehoshua like God saves. This God
who saves has to be Jehovah on this level. Jesus is God’s salvation.
Sorrows – pains
Grief – sickness
Jesus Christ was God’s only begotten son on the level of humanity to redeem mankind. It
was he who carried our pains, our sicknesses. He who knew no sin became sin for us that
we should become the righteousness of God in him. He is a complete savior. Yet, when he
was here upon earth, he suffered, not because he sinned, but he suffered for sin. In many
respects you could say he was a man of sorrows.
Just as Joshua in the Old Testament who saved God’s people at that time, so God’s only
begotten son, Jesus Christ, endured all of the shame, suffering and everything else to save
God’s people from their sins. The people who responded to God’s call basically never
referred to him as Jesus. Even though he was here upon earth and at times they used
“Jesus” only to explain something, they never really referred to him in that sense, because
they did not want to stoop down to the reproof and sin area. They referred to Jesus as
28 Romans 1:1 "Jesus Christ"
It’s not just master where you read it. It’s great master. The word is rhabboni, off of which
we get another Hebrew word called rabbi. One great one is the master. The one is rabbi. A
rhabboni means great master, while rabbi would simply mean master.
The Greek word when they referred to him as master is spelled didaskalos, meaning
doctor, teacher, top exponent. 31 times used in the gospels. Jesus called himself that 8
times. People other than the followers of the Lord Jesus Christ called him that 6 times. I
believe we ought to follow this great example and not refer to him so frequently as Jesus.
One of the reasons I think we ought to pull off of this and use the words, Jesus Christ
rather than Jesus is because that’s all the devil spirits ever refer to him as.
It’s remarkable that they knew him as Jesus, and it’s remarkable that the devil spirits knew
he was the son of God. You have to be a Christian today not to know that.
It is also interesting that the word “Jesus” is used 566 times in the gospels. The word
“Christ” is only used 36 times. However, from the Book of Acts on through the church
epistles, it changes. “Jesus” is only used 29 times in Acts and the church epistles, and of
those 29 times, 16 times it’s in the Book of Acts, 13 in the rest of the epistles. “Christ” is
used 217 times in Acts and the epistles. “Christ” in the Greek is Christos: in the Hebrew
it’s the word masheeha, messiah, and in the Aramaic it’s the word meshika.
The word “Christ” literally means “the anointed one,” specifically indicating the source of
that one relationship. All the priests had to be anointed.
The anointed priest was to be to God’s people like the messiah, the anointed one, the one
who would take care of God’s people. Like Jesus Christ is God’s only begotten son, but
every priest who was anointed was to be a messiah, the anointed one, to the people. But if
that priest that’s anointed do sin, “then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a
young bullock without blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering.”
For the anointed ones who were priests in the Old Testament, whenever they sinned, they
had to go through this. Jesus Christ, the anointed one, however was without sin. Yet, he
was the anointed one.
I Samuel 24:4, 6, 10
Saul had been anointed. Even though he was copped out, they didn’t kill the priest
(Leviticus), so David refused to kill Saul. David said he was the Lord’s anointed.
I Chronicles 16:22
Psalm 132:16, 17
Ordained a lamp – means shining
Romans 1:1 "Jesus Christ" 29
First word, Paul; second word, servant; third, the preposition of. Then the words Jesus
Christ. The emphasis is not upon the doulos, slave. The emphasis is on Jesus Christ. The
reason Jesus is put first I believe is because it emphasizes his humility. He who knew no
sin became sin. It emphasizes the humility, the rejection of the son of God who was the
anointed one, the Christ. The anointed one is the called of God. An anointed one is one
who has a Godly designed mission to perform. He has a task to accomplish, a job to carry
out. Jesus, the Christ, was God’s only begotten son, the anointed one. I read these
scriptures about David not touching the anointed one and how, kings were cut off because
they did touch the anointed one. Just imagine what must have happened and did happen in
the history of the world of the time when they crucified God’s only begotten son, the
anointed one of all anointed ones. That must have been a bad day. It was.
This is why at this particular place in the opening of the Book of Romans it simply sets this
in such a unique and wonderful way, “Paul, servant of Jesus Christ.” A doulos of the
humiliated one who was anointed, the anointed one. That’s why it’s used in this way.
In Verse 3 we’re going to come up with the word “Lord.”
Tonight I think we’ll handle the word “Lord.”
“Lord” is rhabboni. Rhabboni means great master.
It would be more accurate to say “great master.”
“Lord” is the Greek word kurios, which means the mighty one, or principle one, the chief,
the big chief, the ruler. It indicates authority and lordship. The lordship comes from the
authority given because it is a legal ownership. Jesus Christ was God’s only begotten son.
Who created soul life for him? God. Whose son was he legally? God’s. That’s why he had
to be lord.
Matthew 18:25, 27, 31, 34
Lord is kurios, legal ownership, the one with the authority.
Just because someone is called lord does not make that person literally God, the Creator, or
Jehovah. Here is a man dealing with sense knowledge things upon earth and he is referred
to as lord.
Put this down in the teaching of Jesus in the margin, at that place with Jesus going through
all that, you have to read that parable that’s in Matthew 22:33ff. The parable where a man
owns a vineyard and sends a servant, a higher servant and then his son.
Matthew 12:35, 36
Even though the word could be used of God, it doesn’t automatically mean God. You have
to read it in its context and understand it. Like a woman’s husband is called her lord, her
god, only because of the authority that he is to take over the woman in the light of loving
her as Christ loved the church.
30 Romans 1:1 "Jesus Christ"
Lord – kurios
Acts 2:25, 34, 35, 36
It’s interesting to me that the last supper is not called Jesus’ supper.
It’s called the Lord’s supper.
I Corinthians 10:26
I Corinthians 10:21, 22
This word “worship” gets so many times associated with the lord, worship the lord. I
believe the word is proskan. I think that’s the root. The word literally means to kiss. To
worship means to kiss, to follow. Falling at his feet to worship him means they literally
would reach out to kiss. (Example of the pope – sign of respect of authority)
Just because people fell down and worshipped Jesus does not mean that he was God. It
meant a sign of respect and authority because he was God’s only begotten son, the
anointed one of God. If you have great respect for someone, then that someone for you is
your lord, Biblically speaking.
As I worked this years ago in some of the Indian culture and Indian languages, the word
“worship” is a highly respected word for temple sweeper, or a temple keeper. Why?
Because a temple sweeper is one who bends over to sweep, and to bend over is to worship.
That’s where the word comes from. That is why the temple sweepers were looked upon
very highly in the culture, because they were the ones who bent over to keep the place
clean so that not only they worshipped God but all the rest of them could come into a
beautiful place to worship God.
She worshipped him. She bowed down. She showed him great honor.
There is one more word that we must deal with, a Greek, word that is also translated as
“lord, master.” That is despotos, transliterated into our English word, “despot,” which
indicates the exercise of unlimited authority. It’s used of God; it’s used of Christ; it’s used
of believers (like if two shall agree). There are 10 usages of it in the New Testament: 5 are
translated “lord”; 5 are translated “master.”
The 5 for “lord” are:
II Peter 2:1
The 5 for “master” are:
Romans 1:1 "Jesus Christ" 31
I Timothy 6:1, 2
II Timothy 2:21
I Peter 2:18
Words like the “Lord Jesus Christ” emphasize the absolute unlimited authority of the
humiliated one, who is now seated in the heavenlies in all his messianic splendor awaiting
the return. Christ the lord of Acts 2:28 emphasizes the messianic position of the anointed
one primarily, and secondary, his absolute authority and the grandeur of it. That’s basically
all I know at the present time about the usage of the words, “Jesus Christ” and the word,
If you confess with your mouth Jesus, the humiliated one, as lord, the one with the
ownership, the authority, thou shalt be saved.
To Israel he was their messiah. To us, he’s our savior and brother. That’s why you confess
with your mouth Jesus as lord and not Christ.