I SAMUEL 1:1—2:36
December 9, 1975
The Way International
Outside of Jesus Christ, I don’t know if God ever picked a man who amounted to a damn, to begin
with. Outside of Jesus Christ I don’t know of any man that God picked that had much potential.
Moses, a murderer so to speak, got married to a real sexy unbeliever, the daughter of the priest of On.
(This was Joseph – Genesis 41:45. Moses married the daughter of the priest of Midian – Exodus
2:16&21) Jonah headed the other way. All of those men of God were big “poopers,” but somehow or
another in the fiber of their being there was some steel. And God saw that, saw it in Moses, saw it in
Jonah, saw it in Hosea, saw it in Jeremiah. You know what He told Hosea? Go marry that whore.
Imagine a minister saying that to some man today. Nobody would listen to those men. Or would
I’m totally convinced that when the Word of God is spoken, the people who have ears to hear will
hear. And I don’t give a hoot who that man or woman has been or what they have done in the past. I
just don’t care, because God just didn’t care. And I get it from the Word. Peter - who would have
ever thought that Peter would have made a leader? Matthew - IRS man. Boy, I go through those
things in my mind and that to me is the greatness of our God. He has to start with what’s available to
Him, but somehow or another in the frailty of man, at least some of them, there is that steel, that
whenever God sharpens it, it’s sharp on both sides. And for the time that they hold forth that Word
you just sit in utter amazement of their ability.
Samuel had no right to be a prophet, as you’ll see. Again, the way the whole thing happened and
everything else, you would have never thought that God could have blessed it. But He did. You
would, have never thought that God could bless us, but He did.
I Samuel 1:1
“Ephrathite” – From Bible Dictionary:
Ephraim, the second son of Joseph born to him by Asenath, the daughter of Potipherah, before the
years of famine came (Genesis 46:20). The sick Jacob (it doesn’t say in the Bible that he was sick)
acknowledged the two sons of Joseph, blessing Ephraim with his right hand and Manasseh with his
left, thus signifying that Ephraim would become the greater people. That Ephraim did become a great
tribe is shown by the census, list, of Numbers 1:32-33 as 40,500 and Numbers 26:37, 32,500. (The
discrepancy is the Numbers 1 record is everybody and the Numbers 26 record are all the able
bodied ones.) In the order of the tribes, the standard of Ephraim’s camp was on the west side. From
the tribe of Ephraim, Elishama was to stand with Moses, Numbers 1:10, and Joshua the son of Nun,
one of the spies, was descended from Ephraim, Numbers 13:8. He was chosen with Eliezer, The
priest, to divide the land, Numbers 34:17. Ephraim is also included in the blessing of Moses. Under
the valiant leadership of Joshua, Ephraim with the other tribes received her inheritance which is
described in Joshua 16. (The territory may be roughly identified as follows: Proceeding west from
Gilgal, we come to Beth-el, then to lower Beth-horan, west to Gezer, then north to Lod and westward
toward the sea; north to the Kanah river and then east to the something.) From the tribe of Ephraim
occupied a position of prestige and significance. It complained to Gideon that he had not called it to
fight against the Midianites. His reply reveals the superior position of Ephraim, “Is not the gleaning
of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?” The men of Ephraim complained again
to Jephthah and this led to war between the Ephraimites and the Gileadites. The prestige of Ephraim
kept it from looking with favor upon Judah.
After the death of Saul, Abner, Saul’s captain, made Ish-bosheth king over the northern tribes
including Ephraim. He reigned for two years but Judah followed David. Later David learned that
Israel followed after Absalom. The northern tribes never did desire to yield to David’s reign but
David grew continually greater and stronger. Under Solomon, the southern kingdom reached the
pinnacle of splendor and prosperity; nevertheless even at this time there was discontent in the north.
Rehoboam’s folly provided the necessary pretext and the north apostatized, renouncing all claim to
the promises made to David. Nevertheless God continued to send His prophets to the northern
kingdom. One of the characteristics of the Messianic kingdom is to be the healing of the tragic
schism introduced by Jeroboam, the son of Nebat. Geographically it reaches the Mediterranean about
four miles north of Joppa. Jericho was in it. Shechem was in it. Central-west Palestine, it says. Bethel
is its main city.
I Samuel 1:2
“two wives” - A man wasn’t supposed to have two wives.
“Hannah” - means grace.
“Peninnah” - means pearl.
I Samuel 1:3
“yearly to worship and to sacrifice” – in other words he kept all the requirements of the law.
I Samuel 1:4
“portions” – special gifts
I Samuel 1:5
“worthy” - double
“the Lord had shut up her womb” – she didn’t have any children. That’s an oriental way of blaming
God, it’s the only way they say it. We know that the true God did not shut her womb, right? He
doesn’t do trips like that. But when something has occurred, then they use the oriental way of saying
that the Lord had shut up her womb.
I Samuel 1:6
“provoked her sore” - the old Devil really worked on her, really teed her off. Because Pearl was
having all of the kids and Hannah wasn’t having any.
I Samuel 1:7
“did not eat” – the time she went up with Elkanah, she went on a fast
I Samuel 1:9
“a seat” – the seat - the judgment seat
“a post” - door post
“the temple” - palace
I Samuel 1:10
“in bitterness of soul and prayed unto the Lord, and wept sore” - she was depressed, and while she
prayed she was weeping.
I do not believe that she would have recognized that it was Eli sitting there. He was just sitting back,
leaning back in his chair smoking his pipe.
I Samuel 1:11
“there shall no razor come upon his head” - means he would never shave from the time of his birth.
Numbers 6:2-8 – the vow of a Nazarite
I Samuel 1:12
“marked her mouth” - watched her mouth move
I Samuel 1:13
Her lips moved but she didn’t speak out loud. That’s why Eli thought she was drunk.
I Samuel 1:15
“sorrowful spirit” - burdened
I Samuel 1:16
“complaint and grief” – meditation and grief - heaviness
I Samuel 1:18
“sad” – fretty - Eli was copped out, but she knew that he had been or was a man of God and when he
said to her, honey, it’s all over with, she believed what he said even though he was a copped out
priest. Isn’t that beautiful?
I Samuel 1:20
“the time was come about” – in revolution of days - the revolving of the days - 280 days
“Samuel” – asked of God or requested of God. The “-el” is God. Sam means ask.
I Samuel 1:22
“Forever” - has to have a different meaning than it does at other places. That’s why in the context
forever means for as long as he lives.
“weaned” - Now weaning in the Bible does not mean when they stop sucking your breasts. Weaning
in the Bible means when they get old enough to take care of themselves, 11 or 12.
I Samuel 1:28
”I have lent him” – returned him whom I obtained by petition to the Lord.
I teach this in the Advanced Class, and I told you then that where it says that he as yet did not know
the Lord, was not true. He knew him as God, but he did not know revelation. The reason I said that
was because I’ve read this before. He knew the Lord, he worshipped him.
I Samuel 2:1-36
Boy, you talk about a woman of God knowing the Word. She quoted scripture after scripture in here.
Samuel was not in line to be a prophet. But the bows of the mighty men that should have been
prophets are broken.
I believe Samuel was somewhere over 30 when chapter 3 comes to pass. That’s why I’m just
showing you some of these things.