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Eph-80-81 - Lesson 37 Pt 4 (VPW) - Athletes of The Spirit

Format: mp3
Publication Date: 07-08-1981

On Ephesians 4:25 where I want to begin tonight, or where we will begin tonight , the first part of what the Research Team gave me is the work that Walter Cummins published in our wonderful Way Magazine on "The Spoken Word." Also, as we cover Ephesians 4:28 tonight, I had all the information in front of me from another article that Walter Cummins has in the... has had in the Magazine. The first article on Ephesians 4:25 is entitled "The Spoken Word." The one on Ephesians 4:28 is "Workers for God." Both of these pieces of work by Walter are absolutely superb. And I believe that they should appear and will appear in our research journal GMIR whenever we begin publishing that. {GMIR Aramaic word meaning ' to perfect, accomplish , mature, complete, arithmetically to be divisible without any remainder.}

And I noticed again that some of the things that were stated are just so beautifully and logically presented, I'm truly thankful for, not only Walter, but the whole Research Department. I think our Biblical Research Department is just second to none. And it' s even going to be better by God' s mercy and grace next year and in years to come than it is at this time. And right now I do not believe that our Biblical Research Department needs to take a back seat for any academic institution or work in the world.

And I thought today, I have never... I've never thought of Walter Cummins in any other capacity than to be my assistant. I know Vince Finnegan, you know, on the books is my assistant. And that' s great. But I've never thought of Walter Cummins in any other capacity for so many years as always being my assistant. And I think he' s just the most wonderful person that any president could have as his assistant. And also to be chairmen of the Department of Greek, and then the coordinator of the Biblical research of The Way International. For any one man to have that position and that responsibility is an awesome reality and I'm real proud of Walter and real thankful for him. But I am also thankful for the rest of our wonderful men and women in the Research Department.

I would like for the Corps all over the country to go to the Magazine and find "The Spoken_Word," that's the title of it, dealing with Ephesians 4:25 and other scriptures, and before the next Corps meeting next week, you endeavor to master that great piece of work by Walter Cummins. It's just, you know, the spoken Word. Over fifty Greek words are used in the New Testament in connection with the faculties of utterance. Over fifty. And then he takes the most important ones and he lists them and it' s just. .. it' s just a piece of research work that you should really as a Corps master in your heart and in your life.

Ephesians 4:25 in the King James reads, Wherefore put away lyin g, speak every man truth with his neighbor: for we are members one of another.

The ' putting away' was interesting to me again because of the Greek word aniko, a-n-i-k-o.

And this word is ' the putting away,' this word ' put away,' aniko, is the same root word as in 4:22, where we use the word ' rest,' meaning ' to rest.' Is that right? Yep, that is right. I taught you that,

didn't I? Did I or didn't I? Doesn't look right to me. It is the same root. What chapter am I missing? Am I missing anything? I don't know. Right now I'm screwed up, ha ha. First time today. You check the word again and I'll do that, too and see what I'm missing here.

But a-n-i-k-o is the word for ' putting away from you. ' To put away. And it' s the same root as the word ' rest.' I don't know where the word appears, but it's got to be in there.

Now, that word ' speak,' every man speak. That word ' speak ' is from the Greek word

laleo, l-a-l-e-long-o. And that' s where Walter' s article on "The Spoken Word"_c omes in because that is.. .he uses that word laleo in here, which I teach in Corinthians when I teach the Foundational Class. And he says the word is employed 24 times in I Corinthians chapter 14. I had forgotten that.

This word is truly significant. I couldn' t quite understand it Research Department, what  you said on page 26B 16, where you defined it ' to make vocal utterance,' ' to babble,' 'to talk,'  'to  exercise the faculty of speech without reference to the words spoken.' I just wondered if there might not be another word that could be substituted or utilized at this point. I know that Zachariah 8:16 is the quotation that is used here, or spoken of. And that Zachariah 8:16 adds force to what is said by using a quote, a quotation. That' s why my question to the Research Department is, How can it be without reference to what is spoken if it is truth plus the quotation of the Word of God that's given. It doesn't quite fit for me.

'With his neighbor' has to be a believing neighbor. This 'speak truth with his neighbor' is a figure of speech gnome, g-n-o-m-e, which simply is a citation. And that' s a citation from Zachariah 8:16.

There are a series of figures of speech, Corps, in chapter four which just put the 00mph, the highlight, to the particular things that are set whereby you put off the old man. This phrase here 'speak every man truth with his neighbor'  is one of them. The other one appears in verse 26, 'be  angry and sin not.' ' Steal no more' is another one. 'Corrupt communication' is the fourth one.  'Grieve not the  holy spirit' is the fifth one. ' All bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, evil speaking' is  the sixth. And  then  ' be kind' and so forth, is the seventh.

You see, the last phrase in that verse, in King James, For we' re members one of what? [Another] And it' s relative to the neighbor. Now you just look at that. Wherefore put away  lying, speak  every  man truth with his what? [Neighbor] For we are members  one of  another.  That  doesn't  mean just  a neighbor who lives next door, but it has to be a believing neighbor because  we are members  one of what? [Another]. You could not be a member ' one of another' ifhe  was an  unbeliever.  That's how I know this is going to  work. This tells me that the neighbor  is  a  believer.  And  this  ' we' re members one of another' continues the imagery of the Body of Christ.

The literal  according  to  usage of this verse is as follows:   Wherefore  put away the  lie... and I believe in my heart, before I go on with the literal that until man is born again, it's all a lie anyways. And that' s why I believe that this translation will fit in the light of that knowledge. Because when  a man is not born again, his whole  life is just a  lie. Now you're  born again,  and that ' s  why  I think the text states it ' wherefore put away the lie,' the life you' ve been living , the screwed up life you have lived outside of God. It' s been just a life of a lie. It' s not truth. It' s just the opposite of truth and that's my reason for translating it this way... Wherefore put away the lie.

You've got to go with that translation. You have no other text to go by both from Aramaic and Greek it's 'lie.' Not 'lying.' If the Research Department has anything to share in the light of that, I'd be blessed to hear, but you' ve heard my reasons for translating it, Research Department, this way.

Now since they're born again, their whole life is changed, so the life of lying, and living a lie, and being a lie, and being false, is to be put away.

And every man... this is the translation ... and everyone, everyone. The word ' man' you could use because it's an inclusive noun, but I prefer to use the word ' one.'

Wherefore put away the lie and everyone speak the truth with his neighbor for we are members one of another. That is literal according to usage.

Now for the expanded according to understanding. It's not bad. Because of this... What we coughing for? Everybody sick?...Because of this... and the reason I went in the expanded along this line is because verse 24 last week told us that we are created by God in righteousness and in true purity, through holiness. Twenty four.

That's why 25, Wherefore ... 'wherefore' can be translated 'because of this.' Because of this what? Being created in righteousness and truly pure. See it's an inside job.

Because of this being created in righteousness and truly pure by the grace and the love of

God.. .Because of this being created in righteousness and truly pure, you put away, completely lay to rest the lie that you have been and were living and each one of you speak the truth using a quotation from the Word with his believing neighbor for we are members one of another in the Body of the Church.

Robinson {Edward} said, he translated, 'speak every man truth with his neighbor' and he said it's from Zachariah 8:16 which adds force to what is said by using a quote. That's why I translated that. I think that' s great. It adds force to what is said. If you're speaking to someone, it adds force to what you say by using a quote, a quotation from God's Word. In other words, ' you share the Word with them.' That' s why I went with that translation. I want to give it to you again in this sense.

Speak the truth using a quotation from the Word, which means 'share the Word.' Quote the Word to them. Tell them what the Word says, with his believing neighbor. Why? For we are members one of another in the Body of the Church. This verse is just mind blowing.

Here, you have a born-again believer neighbor who needs to grow up a little more. So what do you do? Each one speak the truth to that neighbor, that believer, using the Word, quoting the Word because we' re members one of another in the Body of the Church. It's a real positive thing to do.

Verse 26 in King James reads, Be angry.. .ha ha... we like that one, don't we. Be ye angry and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath.

Here is a verse of Scripture that' s very, very difficult for most people. And it' s not too easy for us either. But I think we are able to share the truth of the greatness of this and it's been burning in my heart for a long time to do this with our people.

Everybody has problems with ' how can you be angry and not sin?' You know, how can raise hell with something and not be sinful in doing it? Teed off and not be sinful. And how can you go... and what does it mean 'don't let the sun go down upon your wrath?' See.

In the context, here, verses 26 and 27 deal with your believing neighbor, specifically. Then the Greek word for ' anger' which is from the root orge, o-r-g-long-e means 'anger together with the desire of revenge .' That' s bad. That' s a heavy. The Hebrew word means ' to kill, and all the tumults of passion that terminate in killing.' So it's a real heavy word when it said ' be angry.'

And the way I believe it's used in God' s Word, ' be ye angry' means ' it's a long time anger with your believing neighbor until a change has ensued.' The desire to... of revenge is a change. And I, knowing the Word in the light of the new birth, it's where a change finally comes about. Until that time, you just, long-term, you just stay put witnessing the Word, sharing the Word. You do not dislike the believing neighbor; you simply dislike that he is not fully accepting the Word and walking on it. So it' s a long-term anger until a change has ensued. You just stay faithful.

I don't know what else to do with those words. It is a righteous anger. Yet it is a righteous anger without sin.

Among the scholars, there is a disagreement on these words. Well, I don't know about my being a scholar; that I don' t anything about being about. But it's simple to me because righteous anger is commanded by God's Word when it says ' be ye angry.' Well, the scholars can fight about it. I don' t care. It' s a command. Not just permitted to get teed once in a while when somebody' s off of God' s Word, a believer is off of God's Word. You' re always teed off righteously at any believer, born-again believer, who is off of God' s Word. And for those of us in the Way Ministry, it' s been a lifetime.

Get into it with them on... Oh what subject do you want to talk about? Baptism? Food? One God? See. All that stuff.

The Aramaic is accurate in the words ' and sin not.' It literally translates ' and you will not sin.' Again, this ' be angry and sin not' is that figure gnome. Quotation. A citation from the Old Testament. It' s from Psalm 4:4. But in King James, Psalm 4:4, it's translated 'stand in awe.' The real sense of the Hebrew is ' one of admonition;' sin not. Where we' re admonished to not sin. Sin not.

' Let not the sun go down on your wrath. ' Ha ha. That again is beautiful. People went to bed when the sun went down, when it got dark. That's when they went to bed. So what that simply is saying, ha ha, ' don't go to bed teed off.' Don' t let the sun go down on your wrath. In other words, go to bed; don' t go to bed mad. ' When you go to bed' is what it means. Let not the sun go down when you go to bed. And they went to bed when the sun went down. When it got dark, they went to bed, see.

' Upon your wrath.' And the word ' wrath' here is basically ' irritation.' Ha ha. Previously when I taught Ephesians, I made mention of this fact, ' don' t let righteous anger shake you, wondering if it was right on. When you go to bed, go to sleep.'

Now, this is what we have done with it in the literal, ha ha, according to usage. I got more papers up here than Carter has liver pills, or something. Then, I can' t find my... whatever it is I take off of it.

Okay, verse 26. You be righteously angry.. .this is literal according to usage.. .and you will not be sinning. Don't go to bed even with a momentary irritation, ha ha.

I don't think you get nearly as much fun out of this as I do. It's neat. It's absolutely scrumptious, see. At the opening, is that heavy word, remember? Anger. So it's a real heavy time. So what he is saying, in the heavy time, when your standing on God' s Word  and sharing that with the  believing  neighbor, you' re righteously angry... you're not sinning. And  you don't  even go to  bed with a momentary irritation. In other Words, when you go to bed, thank God the day is over. Say your last prayer and start snoring.

Boy, that would save a lot of sleeping pills, wouldn' t it? Practicing that principle. Boy, oh boy, what a tremendous Word. And hardly anybody understands verse 26. They argue about it, but they don' t get the understanding.

Now this is the expanded one according to understanding, I hope. And again, I would like to just lay some things before the Corps, and especially before the Research Department. I translated the first part of verse 26, You always stay angry with an all-out desire to have them to change which anger will not be sin on your part.

Then I have another translation of that first part of it: You be righteously angry, 'teed off' with sin... 'Teed off' I put in quotes. But don't  you sin  by acting  ' holier than thou'  vaunting  yourself  by acting so righteously like you never sin.

I do not know which one of those two the Research Department feels would be the better. The last part of the phrase that I translated which would go with both of these that I have given you here on the expanded one for understanding. This, the last part, goes with that first one and with the second ... also.. .even if it is only a momentary irritation.  When you go to  bed, go to sleep. That's what I did with it.

Now, verse 27. King James says, Neither (or neither) give place to the Devil. The word 'place' is simply a portion, a part. No believer will give full place to the Devil, but he may be giving a part, a portion. He' ll mark off a spot, ' this is Devil' s permission over here, over here, no permission, you know. And you really give the Devil a portion or a spot if you stew about it after you go to bed and you toss and you tum and can' t sleep.

This word 'the Devil,' ' the Devil' in the Aramaic is a very interesting and exciting Word to me and it blesses my heart. It' s a compound word where the first part means ' to eat' or ' to devour.' The latter

' to slander' or ' to accuse. '  So when I got to translating  this, literally according  to usage, verse 27 reads: Do not give any portion or space or an opportunity to the Devil. So I used those three words synonymously: portion, space, opportunity. Do not give any portion or space or an opportunity to the Devil.

The expanded according to understanding: And you will not give a toehold, an opportunity or an occasion for the Devil to eat you. Ha ha. I get more fun than you ever will out of working this stuff, huh.

You see, and to me, that communicates to my understanding. John 10:10. The thief cometh not but for to what? [Steal, kill, and destroy] Right. To eat you out. To beat you. And that's why that Aramaic word, on the word ' Devil' really thrilled me.

And that ' s why I put it into the expanded translation: And you will not give a ' toehold.' Now, at L.E.A.D., you know how important it is to get a what? [Toehold] Ha ha. And when you' re really climbing in, you' re blessed for a toehold. How thankful you are when you get a foothold. Now the adversary can never get a foothold in a believer' s life until he first has a toehold. That's why I translated it that way.

Do not give... and you will not give a toehold ... shave all the rocks off... an opportunity or an occasion for the Devil to eat you. And that' s exactly what he likes to do to believers.

Now we go to verse 28. King James says, Let him that stole steal not more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. And here again, is another great work that I believe should be in our research journal GMIR, Walter' s work on " Workers for God."

It' s just tremendous where he... you know... he just goes into God' s men are called many things in the Word. They' re called: fellow workers, ministers, or servants, slaves, fellow slaves, partners, messengers, soldiers, fellow soldiers, athletes, fellow athletes, stewards, ambassadors, witnesses, all of those. And he covers them so beautifully. And I love very much how he covered the word ' slave,' because it' s a much stronger word than to be a minister, or to be a servant. It is to be one who is branded, marked out, sold out. And baby, from that day on, there are no ifs, and' s, or but' s. You never budge on it. You are branded. Most believers are never branded. They may be servants, they may be ministers, but they are not branded. When you' re branded, you stay faithful. You do not budge. You do not change. You stay put. If all hell breaks loose, you still live the believing Word.

I think the prophet once said, If I was in the midst of hell, God I know you' d be there. (Psalm 139:8) He' d be there. That' s the doulos. That, of course, is just a tremendous piece of work.

And the other great part that I think... and this is a second piece that I want the Corps to master before next Wednesday night, " Workers for God," the work on ' witness.' You see, it's the same word basically that's translated ' martyr,' see. And we got a lot of those canonized. That's not at all what a witness is. A witness is a living example, not a dead one. The word 'martyr' simply means that you lay down your life in witnessing. And boy, when you put the doulos together with ' witness,' then you' ve got power for abundant living. It's just a fantastic work by Walter and I' m real grateful that it was published. Because once it' s in print, people can take a look at it if they want to.

I'd like a cup of coffee, please.

Now, we are in verse 28. The Aramaic translation is ' and he who was stealing.' I understand it from the English, ' let him that stole,' past tense. The Aramaic is real simple, real strong. ' And he, the one who is born again, who was, past tense, stealing.'

Thank you.

His whole life was one of those before he was born again.

Whenever you bring a cup of coffee to a right-hand man, you put the handle to the right. When you serve a cup of coffee to a left-hand man, you put it on the left-hand side and put the handle to the left. Corps principle number seven or something, ha ha. Mrs. Wierwille would say, Well, be thankful you even get a cup of coffee. [Laughter] Ah, you're wonderful.

See, ' let him who stole, steal no more.' 'Stole and steal,' that' s a figure of speech and is polyptoton p-o-l-y-p-t-o-t-o-n. It' s a repetition of the same root word in different parts of speech or reflections. But, that's not earth shaking right now in my heart.

You see, in some Eastern culture, it was not considered a sin or a shame to steal because that's the way they lived, the only way they lived. Somebody told me... or not only told me, one of our people, but it was in a national magazine, that the basic culture of Russia today is to steal. And in some respects I can understand this. If you don't have anything and you're starving to death and there' s a loaf of bread you can get a hold of... steal the dam thing. I understand that.

So this verse is really sharp, really sharp. Let him who stole, even though that man previously considered it the way to live and there was no shame in it, no sin in it. He said, Well, let that fellow who stole, steal no more. Something has happened on the inside of that man. Something that happened, where He is able to meet all of our need according to His riches in glory. Christ in you, the hope of glory. More than conquerors.

A record in the Old Testament, I forget where it is, but it's in there, that it' s never, you never need to borrow or steal bread or... what is that in the Old Testament? Begging bread. One person stand and tell me. {Psalm 37:25, I have been young and now am old; yet have I seen the righteous forsaken, nor His seed begging bread.} Psalm 27:25 who? {Psalm 37:25} 37:25. All the years, he's never seen the righteous to have to do what? {Beg bread} Beg bread.

First of all, I wish the Christian world could hear this. Secondly, I wish our government in the United States could understand it. The Word says, If you don't work, you don' t eat. A lot of that stuff. Well, what we've been doing is stealing from the people who are willing to work to give to the people who don' t want to work. That's a bunch of crap. That's stealing. That's why this verse is so hot in my soul tonight. Let him who stole, quit stealing, dang it. See.

Many years ago I was really knocked for a loop along some of this line in India, from Dr. Williams. I think he loved India maybe like I love the United States, I don' t know. Because only a man knows how much he loves his own country, I guess.

But... as we were traveling together, he said to me, Dr. Wierwille, I hear you have whores in the United States.

You know, I never had given it a thought. I just took it for granted. [Laughter] And I said, yeah. He said, Why does a rich country like the United States have whores?

And I said, I don't know.

And he said, I can't understand it. Cannot your women make enough money to live? Yeah, but they figure that' s cheaper and more pleasurable or something, I don' t know. And he said, Well, I think it's sinful that the United States has whores.

And I said, What do you mean?

And he said to me, why, I can understand India. He said we don' t enough food, we don' t have enough of anything hardly for a lot of people. And we have whores because that' s the only way they can continue to live physically.

And I thought to myself, well boy, that' s slapping me in the face good. And I took it as a wonderful lesson. There is no excuse in the United States for any women being a whore because she doesn' t need to get screwed and paid for it in order to get money so she can live. There's plenty of work available and if there isn' t she ought to get born again, then there' s a guarantee of work. ..other work, available. I tell you, when you' re honest, some of these men in other countries have some real logic behind their thinking. How would you have liked to have handled that? I just simply admitted, Well, I think we' re wrong in the United States. But I said, I think you' re wrong in India, too, because no reason to have whores here if you get them born again.

So I don' t know. But this verse today as I worked the final working on this verse 28 is when my heart really went back and burned with that truth that Dr. Williams had stated. Because in many Eastern cultures, it was not considered as sin or as shame to steal, if it was a matter of livelihood. You sometimes wonder who will live in the greatest condemnation before God and justice and judgment when the time comes.

For in most of what are called poor countries even, there is sufficient money, food, and other things for the people to live if those in positions of authority were not so selfish and egotistical, and want it for themselves , and let the rest of the world die... or a country die.

The word ' labor' in verse 28 is the word which literally means ' hard work resulting in fatigue.' That's how I felt coming from the woods last night. And I didn' t do anything. It was just hard work being there with the rest of you. Today I got so tired of being with some, I came home. Ah, you' re wonderful.

' Working with his hands' is an Eastern cultural type of thing. Today in our culture, you could have it, you know, the truth is working with your mind or working with your hand, whatever you' re working at. But in Eastern culture, every son was to be trained to work with his hands, even if he was the son of a king. Had to learn a trade, a profession of business.

Jesus Christ was a saddle maker. He made them to ride, I guess, what do you want? Tennessee Walkers , or? See. I think not only did he do that, Paul did it, too, you know. Someday I'm going to find a...or Walter, or some of those, are going to find me a manuscript to prove it. .. and a wonderful carpenter by trade. Many times doing carpentry work and being a saddle maker were sort of in the same household, because building carpentry and having saddles to use for their business and carrying on, were very, very closely aligned. Well, I won' t argue the point, but I wish we' d keep looking.

II Thessalonians.. .Do your hands ever get so dry you can hardly hold anything? Golly, mine are so dry tonight, I wonder why? II Thessalonians, chapter 3:10... this we commanded you that if any would not work, neither should he what? [Eat] Right. Even unemployment is no excuse for stealing. He just doesn' t eat. Goes and gets work. Boy, when I first saw the greatness of these principles many years ago, and then of course, I uniquely by God' s grace, inculcated that into our W.O.W. program and very dynamically in the Corps leadership.

Very different today. We' re not employed of God to kill the enemy. Romans 13:12 says: The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Our armour is an armour of light, kids. The Bible says God is light. So whenever we put on God in the renewed mind, we are light. And that' s the armour. We' re the light of the Lord.

The spirit in us makes us light. This is our armour. Put on the whole armour of God. Put on' is the Greek word enduo. It means ' to clothe with.' Until you put on the mind of Christ, your clothing on the outside, you're naked. Everything is visible. And this ' clothed with' is used three ways in the New Testament, enduo:

 

To put on clothes.

To put on something in the mind.

And to put something new on when Christ returns. Which is the new body. Fashioned like unto his glorious body.

It is used of putting on something in the mind nine times in the Word of God, people.

In Romans 13:12, it' s the armour oflight. Verse 14, it's the Lord Jesus Christ.

In Galatians 3:27, it's putting on Christ. In Ephesians 4:24, it's the new man.

In Ephesians 6:11, it' s the armour of God. In verse {Ephesians}14, it' s the breastplate. In Colossians 3:10, it's the new man.

In verse12 of Colossians three it' s bowels of mercy. In I Thessalonians 5:8, it's breastplate.

Those are all of them in the Word.

The battlefield today, Corps, is nothing else but your mind. That's the battlefield. It' s not a geographical area unless you got a small brain and you want to put that in a geography department.

Now, be renewed in the spirit or the life of your mind. You put on the new man in the mind. And the new man is God' s gift, it' s Christ in you the hope of glory. God is light, who is Christ in you, God in Christ in you. So you put on the new man which is the armour or the clothing with the light. So you put on everything. Operate the nine manifestations, produce the nine fruit of the spirit that ye may be able to stand against the wiles or the methods of the Devil. Not that you may be able to stand against the methods of men or of a military army, but against the methods of the Devil.

We are to stand against the enemy, the adversary ... of the Devil. .. the adversary, the Devil. We do it by putting on the clothing of light, the armour of light , by exerting a diligent effort in our mind. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against spiritual powers. And people, the Corps, the purpose of our contest is not to kill the enemy, but to stand against him and having done all, just stand.

This is competitive as it is in any athletic contest. And it is by no means militaristic as it was in the Old Testament. Because the destruction of the Devil' s, the Adversary ' s kingdom, takes place in the future. Revelation 20 tells you about it. Today our purpose is to stand against the adversary as an athlete. This is the reason the athletic term pale, pale, p-a-l-long-e , translated ' wrestling ' is used in Ephesians twelve. Our wrestling is against spiritual wickedness.

The motivation of a soldier is survival. The motivation of an athlete is a reward. So we as athletes today, work toward our rewards knowing we shall survive eternally. And knowing that our battlefield is in the mind, our foe is the Devil and his hosts, our weapons are the instruments of light, and our purpose is to stand against the competition, and having done all to stand before the judgment seat to receive the rewards of the contest.

The closest examination of the terms as Craig so admirably did tonight and the ideas presented in Ephesians six, shows it completely as an athletic rather than being military in scope and in nature.

The relationship between athletic competition and military skills can be readily seen in various· events. The javelin competition developed out of a spear throwing, a military activity. For practice and competition, the javelin normally had a blunt end. Pointed javelins were used in ancient times when it was thrown, to be thrown at a target. However, the competition gradually changed to throwing for distance rather than at a target, making the pointed end unnecessary, unsafe, and therefore basically unused in athletic competition ... the sharp point that is... after the fifth century B.C.

The origin of the discus competition is obscure. The discus was made out of stone or metal. It was circular, relatively flat, being slightly raised in the middle.

The running competition was of primary importance. Without modem communication systems, fast­ footed couriers were essential for sending messages, especially in the life and death circumstances of war.

Once you see the relationship between athletic events and military activity, you will see why they had some actions and terminology in common.

New Testament references to athletics are basically in reference to the highly organized games of Greek culture. These games were dominated by the festival known as ' The Olympics.' The Olympics began in Greece in 776 B.C. although competitive games were held many years before this. The first Olympics had one event and that was the stadium race of about two hundred yards. In 724 B.C., a four hundred yard race was added. In 720 B.C.,a race about three miles was added. In 708 B.C., a wrestling competition was added as well as the Pentathlon, Pentathlon.

The Pentathlon was a five event competition consisting of a foot race, a discus, javelin throwing, long jump, and wrestling. It is generally consented that the rewards were given after each event, but the great rejoicing and festivities were reserved for the end of the entire Olympic festival.

I was tremendously blessed with the... all the scriptures that Craig gave you in reference to athletics in the New Testament, starting with Romans nine going all the way through all of those. That was really tremendous. Loved that.

This ' putting on' of verse 11 of chapter six is ' to be clothed with.' It' s like ' put on,' ' clothed.' Put on yourself, clothe yourself. And this particular verb implies training with equipment.

The word.' the whole armour ' in the Aramaic is ' all the trappings,' ' all the ornaments,' ' all the implements,' ' all the instruments. ' And this word, I gave it to you earlier tonight, spelled

h-o-p-l-o-n is used of all kinds of instruments, including military, but not just military.

Lindl and Scott define it as ' a tool or implement , a ship' s tackle or tackling, ropes, a smith' s tools, a large shield, the arms of animals used for self-defense, a gymnastic exercise in the games' is what they give.

This word is used only three times in the New Testament: Luke 11:22 that I gave you earlier. And here in Ephesians 6:11 and 13. It literally means ' all the implements,' ' all the trappings.' We need all the spiritual implements available to stand against the methods, the snares, the secret moves of the adversary. It' s the armour of a gymnast. That' s what it really is.

Marcus Barth translates it ' splendid armour.' Maintaining that it' s the quality and character of the armour that is so important.

The word ' soldier ' that is used in Timothy, I believe, refers to the training and endurance, the endurance of a dog soldier. A dog soldier stakes himself out and he stays there to live or to die. It' s that type of endurance.

The athletic field is the mind, the opposition is the Devil. And the fight is for, or the contest is for the crown of righteousness to defend our spiritual blessings against all spiritual foes.

To stand against' is a soldier' s expression used for ' standing one' s ground' as against ' taking to flight.' Dog soldier. Just committed as a great athlete of God. You just take a stand for God and His Word, you' re staked out, that settles it. You just don' t budge on it.

The ' wiles' of verse 11 is simply methodia is the Greek form, Greek word, m-e-t-h-o-d-i-a, which means ' methods or systematized deception' which is in opposition to the direct right, straightway, or the way, the truth and the light.

Now the literal according to usage of verse 11 is as follows: Put on the whole of God's armour, so that you will be able to stand up against the scheming methods of the Devil.

The expanded one is: Clothe yourself with all the equipment and trappings of a gymnast... with all the equipment and trappings of a gymnast of God with a view to being able to win. Standing up against the systematic scheming, method s, and devices of the Devil.

That is a fantastic translation.

6:12 of Ephesians reads: For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

Well, ' we wrestle not' namely that you' re wrestling ' is not' against flesh and blood. It really is a tremendous verse. And this pale, I told you, p-a-l-long-e is an athletic term used of wrestling in the Olympics. And it was one of the five events: running, jumping, wrestling, discus, and javelin in the Pentathlon. And wrestling was the most exacting of the five events. The contestant had to throw his opponent three times to secure victory. And it wasn' t brute force that was the key. It was the agility of the athlete. I told you whenever they ran the race, they ran naked. And whenever they wrestled, did the same.

I don' t know if there' s anything else that needs to be explained.

That ' against ' should be, it is the word pros, ' with a view toward.' That' s why we will handle that and work that properly.

'Spiritual wickedness,' ' evil spirits,' or ' spiritual things of the evil one.'

' High places,' Aramaic is ' that are under heaven,' under heaven. Or ' beneath the heavens' is how Robertson translates it.

Well, verse 12, literal according to usage would be: Because we wrestle not against flesh and blood but with principalities, with rulers, and with possessors who control this dark world... and with possessors, meaning those who are possessed...who control this dark world and with devil spirits under heaven.

Now here is the expanded one: Because our wrestling contest is not with a view towards fighting flesh and blood, but with a view to be distinctly independent of principalities, including the exercised authority of sultans, s-u-1-t-a-n-s, rulers, sultans, who rule and exert their worldly powers by devil spirits in every place beneath the heavens. And that is wonderful. With a view to being distinctly independent of principalities because you' re a greater athlete. You are distinctly independent of those principalities, including being distinctly independent of the exercised authority of sultans who rule and exert their worldly powers by devil spirits in every place beneath the heavens.

Verse 13 in King James says: Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

This ' take unto' is literally ' take up' as you would take something to yourself.

The ' whole armour' again is ' the trappings, the implements that you get clothed with, the complete equipment necessary' so that you' ll be able, not only to stand, but to stand against, to resist, to withstand.

The ' evil day' is ' the day in which we are living now, but which will get worse in the future.'

' Having done,' ' having done ' is ' having worked out' or ' to work out,' ' when you have worked it all out.' Like working out your own salvation. You don' t get saved by works, you get saved by grace, but having worked out your own salvation is the wholeness being put in your mind and you literally living it.

' To stand' is ' to stand firm,' ' stand upright.'

Romans 14:10, we will stand before the bema.

II Corinthians 5:10, we will stand before the bema.

Revelation 20:11 and 12 says, All will stand before the throne. Acts 18, Paul stood before Gallia ' s, bema at Corinth.

Acts 25:10, Paul stood before Caesar' s bema, which was a judicial seat.

Epaphras in Colossians is spoken of as ' laboring.' Craig mentioned that tonight. Agonizomai , which is 'to contest in the contest,' to participate ' he said ' with prayers' so the believers could stand perfect and complete when Christ returns.

Now the literal according to usage of verse 13 is: Because of this, clothe yourself with all the equipment of God so that you will be able to withstand the evil one and having worked out all things (for the contest) stand (before the bema).

The expanded one of verse 13 is as follows: Because of this, clothe yourself with the complete trappings or equipment of God, so that you will be able to withstand with resistance the evil one and while you are preparing yourself with the equipment or when you are prepared with the equipment in everything you will stand erect and firmly.

You see, Corps, it wasn't just winning the race and then falling down in front of the judge. It was to so win the race that when you appeared before the judge, you stood absolutely erect and firmly.

That's the greatness of those words. We just don't contest in the games to fade out in the winner' s circle. We' re there to collect the garland of roses, if we're a horse at the Kentucky {Kentucky Derby}.