September 30, 1975
“he” - Jesus
“they” - 12 apostles, including Judas
“cloud” - like encased within a cloud — I have no proof for this but if I were really putting a center
reference in here I would go back to the Old Testament where the children of Israel were led with the
cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night. I believe that is the kind of cloud situation. I have no
documentation in any text, but I think there’s great documentation in the Word. When the children of
Israel were covered with the cloud, Pharaoh couldn’t see them. I think another great truth is in verse
‘‘while they looked stedfastly toward heaven’’ - As they looked up they couldn’t see anything
because he wasn’t there.
“two men” - Angels are many times spoken of as men. The cloud was a phenomenon. The
appearance of angels as men was phenomenon. It’s still possible for God to do it today and I’m sure
He does, but it’s not normative. When these angels appeared to the senses man they looked like men.
I don’t know where they ever got the wings on the angels in the pictures we see. The remarkable
thing is the great phenomenal truth that is here about these two men who stood by them in white
apparel. God could have chosen to do it by a voice from heaven. The reason He did not go that route
is because He added the appearance of these two angels.
In the beginning there were three arch angels, Lucifer, Michael and Gabriel. Lucifer was the bright
and morning star. He flipped. Jesus Christ became the bright and morning star. He ascended. I
believe these two were Michael and Gabriel. If you could put yourself in a top situation like that,
would you send your top two ambassadors or would you send a buck private? That’s why I believe
that written between the lines was that these angels were Gabriel and Michael. Now, another reason
why; Michael is the one who fights for God’s people; it is Gabriel who carries the new message, who
delivers it. Here we have God’s son, the bright and morning star, gathered up and the next verse is
going to be a new message.
Literal — “Why do you continue gazing up?” No use looking any further up since he’s gone.
“shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go” - shall come in like manner as you saw him
go into heaven. Just some short time before, they had said, “wilt thou restore the kingdom again to
Israel?” Then he is taken up and immediately the message is that he is coming back.
The first thing regarding the Lord Jesus Christ after the ascension is the return. The first statement is
that he is coming back. You see, when I put all of that together with man’s leaving this earth, the first
thing after death is the return, the gathering together. It’s all there. Not only is that true in practice but
the first thing is the hope, the hope of Christ’s return. Even today what keeps us going is the hope.
“in like manner” - It doesn’t say that they are going to see him come in like manner, in that verse. It
doesn’t say “as you are going to see him.” And that’s the only message these heavenly
representatives delivered as far as the Word is concerned- the return. Just jell this in your heart as the
years go by and think about it. That’s the only message they stated. They said nothing about building
the kingdom; they just said that he’s coming back. Then they disappeared.
“men of Galilee” - 11 apostles - Sometime between verse 10 and verse 11 before the angels
delivered their message, Judas Iscariot left because now we return in verse 12 to Jerusalem from the
mount called Olivet, and there are only 11 men coming back to Jerusalem.
Luke 24:50-51 - This is something you have to drive in your mind because it is absolutely different
from what the commentaries say, but it’s true. So the ascension occurred at Bethany. Bethany is on
the eastern side of the Mount of Olives.
“mount called Olivet” - This should read Mount of Olives.
“Sabbath day’s journey” - equals 1.16745 miles or 6164 feet (a little over a mile) - If the Bible
scholars are accurate on their measurements, then I’ve given it to you accurately. It wasn’t just in the
distance; it was in the attitude and the desire in your heart of what you did. Every time I think of a
Sabbath day’s journey I think of a man walking with his hands behind him and just enjoying the
walk. That’s what they allowed them to do on the Sabbath. There was also a law instituted that they
couldn’t go more than so far away from their home. Those Jews used to take a stone from their yard
and take it with them in their pocket and when they had walked that far then they’d put that stone
down so they could walk further.
“Then returned they unto Jerusalem” - Jesus Christ, in verse 4, had commanded them that they
should not depart from Jerusalem but wait until the promise of the Father. He told them to go back to
Jerusalem and after he ascended that’s what they did. The Word of God is the will of God. If they’d
have gone to New York, nothing would have happened; no more so than what happened to Judas
because he didn’t go back in Jerusalem. Those who believed the words of the Lord Jesus Christ went
back to Jerusalem.
“upper room” - I do not believe that this is the first time that they were ever in this upper room. I
believe it was the place where they had met previously and therefore when Jesus said to go back to
Jerusalem they would know what he meant. Otherwise, go back to Jerusalem — where? Every cause
has an effect and every effect has a cause. Because they had been there previously; I do not believe
Jesus had to tell them to go back to the upper room.
He just said to go back to Jerusalem. The reason they went to the upper room is because they just
knew that was what Jesus meant.
“abode” = where they stayed, slept
It lists all 11 here. I think God made sure that nobody would miss this truth. He not only said ye men
of Galilee in verse 11, but finally He had to list them because God knew they wouldn’t believe them
anyway. He gave the 11 names and people still don’t believe it. I think this is a tremendous proof that
Judas who had left between verse 10 and 11, it is documented that he left. It’s a double emphasis.
“one accord” = unity of purpose
“all” = all eleven
“supplication” = thanks, like thanksgiving. A lot of the texts omit this, but as far as I’m concerned
you can leave it in.
“with his brethren” = his half-brethren, as we would refer to it, same mother, different father.
Now we begin a marvelous record also that is absolutely astounding.
“those days” = days between the ascension and Pentecost. They only knew that Jesus Christ said to
return to Jerusalem and wait until the promise of the father came to pass. In those days of waiting and
tarrying, the only reason they had to wait was because it was not yet available, had not yet come. In
those days refers to the 8 days between the ascension and Pentecost.
“disciples” – some texts read ‘brethren’.
“number” = crowd
“number of names” - It’s a figure that means the number of people together.
“those days” - It’s not the day of Pentecost. It doesn’t say what day after the ascension it is but we
know it’s between the ascension and before the outpouring on the day of Pentecost.
“about 120” - It’s not an iron-clad number. This is in a parenthesis added for clarity.
You’ll see later that verses 18 and 19 are also a parenthesis. You have to become sharp enough in
your study of God’s Word that you see the parenthesis. There are a couple in King James that are
marked as parenthesis but they’re not parenthesis.
“Men and brethren” - I believe the about 120 were all men. Women weren’t numbered. Only men
were counted. That’s like, whenever there were 12 men who wanted to start a synagogue, in a
community they could have one. There were lots of women too, but the about 120 were the men.
When he addressed, he spoke to the men.
“This scripture must needs have been fulfilled” - Literally - This scripture had to be fulfilled (or is
“the Holy Ghost” – the pneuma the hagion – Greek text, but just pneuma hagion
“by” = dia – by means of, or by way of.
“mouth of David” - did the speaking. David could not speak any other vocabulary than the one he
had, the one he utilized. This becomes very significant because if a man was possessed he could
speak other words than he ordinarily would in his vocabulary. Here is a great, great, great truth. God
gave it to David, David spoke it. I do not know of this quotation in the Old Testament. (Psalm 41:9;
Psalm 69:25; Psalm 109:8) These verses don’t refer specifically to Judas, for they do not
specifically name Judas Iscariot. Books on Old Testament prophecies fulfilled in the New Testament
are treacherous because so much is assumption. You can go to the Bible and find anything to
substantiate something that happened to someone in the New Testament, but unless the scripture in
the New Testament said that this was a quotation from a certain’ prophet, we just wouldn’t believe
what they indicate in the Bible. You have something here that is real foundational along these lines. I
don’t believe that the verses in Psalms were specifically given for Judas, even though Judas fits the
pattern for that revelation.
“took” = arrested
“spake” – covers that which is written at times and other times that which is not written. At times
you’ll find something in the Word that the prophet spoke but that it’s never written. He simply
verbally spoke it and at other times it is spoken to the end that it is recorded.
‘‘with’’ - among
“part”- Same word as word for lots in verse 26 and “take part” in verse 25
Judas was numbered among the eleven and obtained part of this ministry. How come he didn’t get
more? He split. He didn’t go back to Jerusalem into the upper room. That’s why he only obtained
part. He didn’t hang in there to receive what God had made available. He kicked up his heels against
God. God didn’t throw Judas out. Judas threw himself out. He had freedom of his will. He would
have received the fullness too if he had hung in there.
“ministry” = diakonia - deacon - obtained part of these services. I like the word ministry as a
translation here. It’s the ministry of an apostle, the service of an apostle. In verse 25 at the conclusion
of what they are going to in-act, it says that he may take part of the ministry - literally means
Verses 18 and 19 are a parenthesis.
“Habitation” = homestead.
“now” - We can throw “now” out can’t we, according to the Greek? This man indeed then, not time,
but action. Now in the sense of “now I’ll tell you what he did.” If you say “now” referring to time, it
can’t be now according to time. But rather it is “now” I’m going to tell you what he did.
“this man” - This one refers to Judas.
“purchased” - “provided” in Matthew 10:9 - He provided it for himself because he did it with the
reward of iniquity the verse says.
“field” = chorion - property - He bought himself property on which there was a house. The Bible
commentaries say that the reward of iniquity was the 30 pieces of silver. This is not true. See John
12:4-6 - This is the reward of iniquity. He stole out of the bag and bought himself a property.
“falling headlong” – committed suicide by impaling himself on a sharp object.
“in the midst” - is not in the text, but that’s where he burst asunder.
Judas committed suicide; killed himself by impaling himself on a sharp instrument like a sword and
that’s why he burst asunder. His bowels burst out.
“all” = without distinction
“field” – chorion – property It wasn’t called this when he did it but later on it became called
Aceldama, not before he committed suicide but after he committed suicide.
“proper tongue” – vernacular language
“Aceldama” = the field of blood.
Impaled himself is Biblically hanging (had nothing to do with a rope). Hanging was always done,
impaled on a sharp instrument. After he committed suicide, when Peter lays this all out, it was called
the field of blood.
“repented himself” = felt sorry
The reward of iniquity of Acts 1 cannot be the 30 pieces of silver in verse 3 because he is bringing it
back to the chief priests.
“the innocent blood” = Jesus Christ
He cast down the 30 pieces of silver, threw it in the temple and departed and went and hanged
himself. Matthew does not tell us when he hanged himself. Acts tells us when. Matthew simply tells
us that he went and hanged himself. We have implied that he went out immediately. We know he
could not have gone out immediately because Acts says that he was still there on the day of the
ascension. Here it is even before Jesus Christ died, so he could not have hanged himself before Christ
died and then be alive at the time of the ascension.
“bought” – means at a public market place.
They took counsel. They deliberately decided that they were going to the market place to buy the
“field” - The word field here is “agros” not “chorion” as in Acts. This is a larger piece of land than a
property. They deliberately went out to buy the potter’s field to bury strangers in. The potter’s field
was where they buried the people who could not be properly buried.
“field” = agros
“Blood” = hemetos - field was called the field of blood later
People called it this because it was purchased with 30 pieces of silver which is called blood money.
That’s why it is called the agros of hemotos, not Aceldama, as in Acts.
30 pieces of silver was the lowest price you could pay for a slave; to buy a slave’s life you had to pay
30 pieces of silver. That’s what they paid for our Lord and Savior. That’s all they gave Judas for
betraying the Lord Jesus Christ, the price of a slave, the lowest down and out slave price is what they
So when you put together Matthew, it stands on its own and Acts stands on its own. Matthew is not
Acts. All the commentaries put these two together, and that is the reason for the confusion. They both
stand accurately on their own feet.
Let’s go over it in review. When Jesus Christ was betrayed by Judas, he had received 30 pieces of
silver to betray him to the authorities, the high priests. After he saw what they were doing to Jesus
and that Jesus was condemned, etc. he took the 30 pieces of silver deliberately back to the temple and
threw them in the temple. The priests held a top echelon meeting and decided they couldn’t receive
that money because it was tainted with blood; therefore, they made the decision to go to the public
market place, buy a field to bury people in who had no other place to be buried, the potter’s field.
That field later became called the field of blood. Judas, on the other hand, had stolen money and with
the stolen money, the reward of iniquity, he had purchased for himself a property, that’s all, and after
the ascension, between verse 10 and verse 11 in Acts, Judas went back home, and that’s just as
literally accurate as accurate. He literally went back home to his own property and there he fell
headlong, impaled himself on a sharp instrument, hanged himself, and that property of his became
known as the chorion of blood.
Look at the great logic in the book of Acts. Who chose the 12 apostles? Suppose Judas hanged
himself even before Jesus Christ was dead. Who logically do you think would have replaced Judas
when he was alive? And Jesus Christ became alive. Why did Jesus Christ not replace Judas? Because
he was still living. Now Jesus Christ ascends, Judas is dead and he goes out immediately and hangs
himself. They knew the Old Testament scriptures that that man had to be replaced; therefore, they did
it, the about 120, not Jesus. They did it before the day of Pentecost because he had just killed himself.
See how beautifully the Word fits together. So they elected Matthias.